It is common for people with health issues to follow a special diet that limits sugar and/or fat. These health issues could be diabetes, high blood cholesterol or high blood pressure. Some believe that older people need less vitamins, minerals and protein. Although, requirements remain similar, or may increase when unwell. Older adults need more protein than younger people.
As a person ages their need for special diets should be reviewed by a health professional such as an Accredited Practising Dietitian (APD). A dietitian can check if these restrictions are still relevant, especially if unplanned weight loss occurs. Older adults could be reducing their food intake and the variety of foods to limit sugar and fat. This could lower intake of important nutrients such as proteins, vitamins and minerals.
Eating less essential nutrients, could also lead to muscle loss, and an increase in infections and falls. This is particularly true with older adults who may already be frail or unwell.
Eating a variety of foods from all food groups is important. This reduces the chance of missing out on any nutrients.